The Pantone Matching System® is the industry
standard for selecting, matching, and mixing color. The Pantone System
utilizes 11 basic colors to achieve over 1000 different colors that
are used by printers and art departments. The basic colors that are
used are yellow, warm red, rubine red, rhodamine red, purple, violet,
reflex blue, process blue, green, black, and transparent white, which
The Pantone Matching System® Color Guide is
an indispensable tool for printers and designers. The guide provides
swatches for all of the colors that can be attained using the Pantone
System. Included in the guide are the 11 basic colors which are in
the front of the book, followed by the process colors used in 4 color
process printing, then the hundreds of colors that can be mixed from
the basics, and finally the fluorescent and metallic colors. Each
of the mixed colors are assigned a PMS number. The first number assigned
for a mixed color is 100 and the numbering proceeds up from that point.
The instructions for mixing the color are listed below the color swatch.
The mixing instructions show the number of parts for each of the basic
colors that are necessary to mix a particular color, as well as a
percentage of the total volume for each of the colors that are required.
For example, to achieve the color Pantone 198 (which is a red color),
the mixing instructions are listed as follows: 6 parts (37.5%) Rubine
Red, 2 parts (12.5%) Yellow, and 8 parts (50%) Transparent White.
By using the various ink formulas found in the swatch book, ink manufactures
and printers can mix colors to exact specifications. Pantone also
issues a digital color guide for electronic publishing which lists
the color formulas in a format necessary for the colors to be displayed
on a computer screen.